Rational System Definition of Organizations

Accoriding to Scott p. 23 a rational system perspective argues that "organizations are collectivities oriented to the pursuit of relatively specific goals and exhibiting relievely high formalized social structures...Most analysts have conceived of organizations as social structures created by individuals to support the collaborative pursuit of specified goals" Scott p. 10. Other definitions in this perspective according to:

Barnard 1938

"formal organization is that kind of cooperation among men that is conscious, deliberate, purposeful" (Barnard p. 4)

March and Simon (1958):

"organizations are assemblages of interacting human beings... the largest assemblages have a semblance of a coordinating system.. high specificity of structure and coordination (vs diffuse and variable between organizations"..

Etzioni (1964)
"Organizations are social units (or human groupings) deliberately constructed and reconstructed to seek specific goals" p. 3