Pfeffer, J. and G. Salancik (1978). The External Control of Organizations,,
Harper & Row.
- organizations dependent on environment for survival
- dependencies create external control situations
- asymmetric dependencies create power
- power goes to those who control resources
- maginititude and criticality and alt. availability of exchange affect
- org. behavior as the consequence of influences
Pfeffer, J. (1982). Organizations
and Organization Theory,, Pittman.
- action as purposive, intended, goal-directed
- action as externally constrained and situational
- action as random and emergent
- each perspective has different views and methodologies
Pfeffer, J. (1992). Managing
With Power: Politics and Influence In Organizations,. Boston, Harvard
Business School Press.
- power is control over needed, scarce resources
- build allies
- become the center of an information network
A Critique of the Introduction
in Pfeffer's Power in Organizations
Herbert Simon on Resource
Dependency Theory (Soc 160 mid-term question by Keith Rollag)