In the US, inequities in pay and advancement still occur between race and gender. In the 1980's black males made 72% of white males per hours and due to lower employment stability only 56% of yearly pay (Jaynes and Williams, 1989). Women only earn about 70% of men (Marini 1989). Gender segregation of jobs is still extremely prevalent, and job titles often get a sex label attached that is hard to remove. Martin (1990) argues that even Weber's supposedly gender-neutral assessment of bureacracy creates disadvantages to women because of it's insistence of full-time commitment (difficult for women with family responsibilities).

Others note that bureaucratic structures stress more masculine values and suppress more feminine ones. Achievement is associated with competition and independence (masculine values) instead of nuturing and relationships (more feminine values) (Ferguson 1984).