Marxist Explanations for the Creation of Organizations
Marxist theorists state that organizations exist more to maximize managerial
control than achieve efficiency (Scott p. 166). Workers become deskilled
and "part of the machine". Modern organizations deskill and segment
workers, reducing job security and making work repetitive, mindless, and
boring. (Braverman, 1974). Work division leads to bureaucratization of organizations
But Burawoy (1985) adds that managers are not as united in their goal of
extracting surplus value as Marx would suggest, nor are workers that segmented
and weak. However, wider political contexts influence organizational creation
Furthermore, the "work setting is a contested terrain" (Edwards,
1979), with various groups vying for control (Scott p. 168). No one group
is eternal and all-powerful.
While some groups (Kerr, et. al 1964) contend that industrialization has
increased the variety of technical skills required by workers (the opposite
of Marx's predictions), though Braverman contends this is untrue and is
an artifact of how the Census bureau classifies workers.