Organizational Life Cycle

Various researchers have developed organizational life cycle classifications. Greiner build one on five evolutionary stages -- each ends in a predictable crisis: One solution becomes the problem of the next one.
Crisis One: Leadership (entrepreneurs give way to managers)
Crisis Two: Over-centralization (give way to more delegation)
Crisis Three: More coordinating activities to compensate for decentralization (plans, reports, reviews)
Crisis Four: Too much red tape (requires more informal collaboration) (Greiner, 1972)