Organization Sets

An organization set (from Blau and Scott 1962 p. 195-199) refers to the fact that an organization has different relations based on which partner in the environment it is dealing with (supplier, customer, govt agency, etc.). Demands by some partners might conflict with demands by others.

The organizational domain (Thompson, 1967) consists of those espoused suppliers, customers, and competitors that affect the organization's behavior and outcomes. Lack of consensus among organizational participants about the organization's domain can cause much difficulties.

Resource dependency theorists work at the level of the organizational set -- those other organizations that have a direct effect on the focal organization. It's also the level that most strategic decision making occurs (Porter, 1980).