Rational System Definition of Organizations
Accoriding to Scott p. 23 a rational system perspective argues that "organizations
are collectivities oriented to the pursuit of relatively specific goals
and exhibiting relievely high formalized social structures...Most analysts
have conceived of organizations as social structures created by individuals
to support the collaborative pursuit of specified goals" Scott p. 10.
Other definitions in this perspective according to:
"formal organization is that kind of cooperation among men that is
conscious, deliberate, purposeful" (Barnard p. 4)
March and Simon (1958):
"organizations are assemblages of interacting human beings... the largest
assemblages have a semblance of a coordinating system.. high specificity
of structure and coordination (vs diffuse and variable between organizations"..
"Organizations are social units (or human groupings) deliberately constructed
and reconstructed to seek specific goals" p. 3