Etzioni's Structuralist Model
Etzioni (1964) argues that Weber and Marx together form the basis for the
structural synthetic model. In this view, workers and managers are inevitabily
in conflict, and all workers are alienated from their labor (they don't
own the means of production). Control is central to the concept of organizations.
Etzioni sees the rational theorists like Weber contribute to this view by
focusing attention on the distribution of power among organizational positions
(Scott, p. 97). Natural theorists like Barnard insist that power alienates
unless the control structure is acceptable to the subordinates.
Etzioni also proposes that his structural model gives equal weight to both
formal and informal structures, social and material rewards, and the interaction
between the organization and its environment. Still, it acknowledges the
inevitable strains between management and workers, personal and corporate
needs, rationality and non-rationality, etc. (Scott p. 97).
Overall, the structuralist view sees both natural and rational systems as
two sides of the same truth. They are in conflict because the elements they
describe are in conflict.