Astley, W. G. (1985). "The two ecologies: population
and community perspectives on organizational evolution." Administrative
Science Quarterly, 30: 224-241.
- speciation, punctuated equilibrium, and ecological opportunity to organizational
- produce homogeniety within populations and diversity between them
- population ecology doesn't account for emergence and death of org.
- mutation, isolation , and ecological opportunity required for initial
Carrol, G. R. and M. T. Hannan (1989).
in the evolution of poplations of newspaper organizations." American
Sociological Review, 54: 524-548.
- population density function of legitimization and competition
- low density legitimization prevails, high density competition prevails
DiMaggio vs Hannan &
Freeman on Emergence of New Organizational Forms (exam question by Keith
Hannan, M. T. and J. Freeman (1989). Organizational Ecology,.
Cambridge, Harvard University Press.
- examine birth and mortality of organizations within a population
- diversity in population occurs through selection than adaptation
- evolution doesn't imply optimization
- relate vital rates to the environment
- how vital rates of one population affected by other populations
- how communities of populations interact